Legal Heirship certificate procedure in Maharashtra for 2024

Legal Heirship certificate is a document obtained from court by the heirs of a deceased person, who died without leaving a will. It is necessary to establish ownership rights over the property of the deceased by his/her heirs. This is the entire procedure for obtaining the same in Maharashtra

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Heirship certificate is necessary when a property owner dies intestate (without making a will). It has to be obtained by immediate family members (father, mother, wife, sister, brother, children, grand children etc.). If some members of the family do not want any share of the property, they will be named as opponents in the Heirship Application.


In the context of Heirship certificate procedure in Maharashtra :

Purchase Price of PropertyJurisdiction
Below 5,00,000 (Five Lakhs)Civil Judge (Junior Division) (Lowest court)
Above 5,00,000 (Five Lakhs)Civil Judge ( Senior Division) (District/Sessions Court)
Heirship application jurisdiction

Heirship certificate from Tehsildar, talukdar, mamledar, amaldar, mandal adhikari is only for people who live in a Gram panchayat, Municipal Council or Tehsil.
Ordinary citizens who live in Metropolitan areas (Cities with a Municipal Corporation) should not file there.


When someone passes away, their Hiership Certificate can be filed at the appropriate court closest to where they lived at the time of death or where their property or part of their property is located. All properties, no matter where they are located can be included in one application. The local court will then send letters to other courts where other properties are located and obtain verification reports from them.

The application for heirship has to mention the properties and the districts and the district courts they fall under for properties out of the jurisdiction of the local courts.

NOTE : The practice of executing and registering a ‘Release Deed’ and ‘Gift Deed’ by heirs in favor of any person or heir is an inherently defective procedure. You can only ‘Release’ or ‘Gift’ something that is already yours., and the only thing that can settle that is an independent verification by the Courts via Heirship Deed or if there is a Will left by the deceased person which includes the name of the executor (the person who will carry out the wishes listed in the will, as named in the will by the deceased person), via a PROBATE by Courts. After a successful PROBATE by the Courts, a LETTER OF ADMINISTRATION is issued in the name of the EXECUTOR named in the will. If there is no EXECUTOR named in the Will of the deceased person, then the Courts will appoint an ADMINISTRATOR for the assets of the deceased to find out if any legatees, a will or hiers exist.
Public notices in Newspapers may be issued to invite claims.
Remember : No right to any part of the property of a person who has
died intestate can be established in any Court of Justice, unless letters of administration have first been granted by a Court of competent jurisdiction.

Other Type of Letter of Administration : A letter of Administration can be directly granted to the legal heirs of a Hindu, Muslim, Budhist, Sikh, Jain if the decesed died without making a will. But such a letter of Administration can only be granted to a person who is entitled to the property anyways (lineal descendants/legatees i.e. sons, daughters, grandsons, granddaughters etc , tier 1, tier 2 hiers etc) as per inheritance laws.


In Maharashtra, if the purchase price of the property to be claimed was less than 5,00,000 (Five Lakh), then the Court Fee is calculated as per the following formula :

Purchase Price of FlatCourt FeeMinimum Amount
01 to 50,0002%1000
50,000 to 2,00,0004%6000
2,00,000 to 3,00,000 6%6000
3,00,000 to 5,00,0007.5%
5,00,000 and above75,00075,000
Court Fee Chart for Heirship Certificate

For properties costing more than Rs 5,00,000 (Five lakh) at the time of purchase by the deceased, there is a flat fee of Rs 75,000 (Max) no matter how many properties and where they are located.

NOTE : Incase the property is under joint ownership and only one owner has expired, then the purchase price of the property will be taken at 50% of the total purchase price and the jurisdiction and court fee will change accordingly.

Sometimes the Judge allows depreciation and you can get away with paying Rs 58,000 instead of Rs 75,000. But that’s a hit or a miss.


Court fee (stamp) at time of submission : Rs 50
Court fee (stamp) on Vakalatnama : Rs 10

*Full Court fee is only payable once your application is approved by the judge...which is much later after your application is submitted and all the checking is over . It is the final step. After the payment of Court fee, your Hiership Certificate is issued.


You can include all properties, wherever they may be located, in one single Heirship Application to the court. The court fee is capped at Rs 75,000…no matter how many properties you include and what the total price of the properties was.

The Documents for submitting application for Heirship are as below :-

  • Adhaar Card and Pan card of all parties (including the deceased person)
  • Death Certificate of the deceased person
  • Society Share Certificate
  • Electric bill
  • Copy of Sale Agreement (attested as true copy by Notary)
  • Valuation report (Obtained from a Chartered accountant or govt registered valuation agent or Sub Registrar office)
  • Ration Card


The Application is typed and submitted in court as a Miscellaneous Application (Civil) category. It is now compulsory to file all applications online via efiling (version 3.0) website .
You must first register yourself and wait for approval. Then you can file the application.

You must register on this website first

Efiling website


  • Submitting the application as a miscellaneous application (called petition in court language) along with Court Fee Stamp of Rs 50 (pasted on the back of the front page of the application) (If you are hiring an advocate, you have to paste another Rs 10 court fee stamp on the vakalatnama-appointment letter for advocate)
  • Affidavits of all parties stating that they are the legal heirs of the deceased person.  A sworn document (Notarized by a Notary) that verifies facts concerning a specific issue. In this situation, it identifies the heirs of the decedent and other relevant information as required by law. Any Notary in your area should be able to help you with this.
  • List of Documents being submitted with the application (Aadhaar, pan, society Share certificate etc.)
  • Memo of address
  • Jahir Notice (Newspaper notice in 2 local newspapers inviting any objections from anyone within 30 days)
  • If no objection received after publishing of newspaper notice, a demand letter for payment of Court Fee (as per valuation)
  • No claim affidavit : This is given by the opponent heir that he does not want any share in the property. This is done at the final stage. Just before the Hiership Certificate is issued by the court.
  • Payment of Court Fee
  • Jahirnama (Heirship order issued by court)
Court proclamation issued for heirship certificate grant under THE BOMBAY REGULATION ACT No. VIII of 1827
Heirship notice issued in newspaper to invite objections if any

What happens if objections are received after Newspaper notice is published by courts ?

In this case the court issued a notice to all parties (8 days) and calls for all evidences and parties to present their case before deciding on the matter. The court can either issue the Heirship certificate or refuse to issue it . If the matter seems too complicated, it will suspend the proceedings of issuing the Heirship certificate until the matter is settled as part of a civil suit filed in an appropriate court.

The court will send bailiffs to inquire with people in your community and neighbors to gather information about your background. They will then submit a report to the judge. If you have properties in other districts or cities, the court will also request a report from the local court or magistrate. Once these reports are clear, your application for heirship will be approved.

Once all necessary tasks have been completed, it will be incumbent upon you to fulfill the court fee in the prescribed manner as stipulated by the court. Following this, the Judge shall provide you with the Heirship order that is rightfully yours.


The Entire Procedure should take 4-5 months, if the person/advocate is following up regularly.

Powers/Rights obtained via Heirship Certificate

First—An heir, executor or administrator, holding the proper certificate,
may do all acts and grant all deeds competent to a legal heir, executor or administrator, and may sue and obtain judgment in any Court in that capacity.

Second.—But, as the certificate confers no right to the property, but only indicates the person who, for the time being, is in the legal management thereof, the
granting of such certificate shall not finally determine nor injure the rights of any
person ; and the certificate shall be annulled by the Sessions/District Court, upon proof that another person has a preferable right.

Third.—An heir, executor or administrator, holding a certificate, shall be accountable for his acts done in that capacity to all persons having an interest in the property, in the same manner as if no certificate had been granted. And that is the reason why the Heirship Certificate holders are supposed to give an inventory of any property they have sold to the court every year. This is done so that the court has an accurate record incase someone files a counterclaim later that you deprived him or cheated him from his share as he/she is also an heir.


An heirship certificate DOES NOT make you the “owner” of a property. It just gives someone the confidence to deal with you in matters related to a deceased person’s affairs. It’s like an assurance for that person, so they won’t be held responsible if anything goes wrong.

However, it’s important to note that holding an heirship certificate doesn’t protect you from being sued by other claimants or having the certificate cancelled by a court. If it’s discovered that you were involved in fraud, any money you received for the property may have to be shared or refunded to the rightful heirs. If you don’t comply, the government may sell your property to fulfill the rightful heirs’ claims. To pursue this, the claimant would need to file a case in court.


An HEIRSHIP CERTIFICATE is a legal document granted by the appropriate court to the heirs of a person who has passed away without leaving a will. It is specifically applicable to non-movable assets such as flats, properties, and land owned by the deceased individual. The purpose of this certificate is to establish and validate the rights of the heirs over these immovable properties. The heirship certificate serves as proof of their entitlement and allows them to assert their ownership and make necessary transactions related to those assets.

On the other hand, a SUCCESSION CERTIFICATE is another legal document issued by the court that grants the heirs of a deceased person the authority to inherit and manage their movable assets. Movable assets encompass a wide range of properties and valuables, including bank accounts, shares, money, gold, jewelry, cars, bikes, and other personal belongings. The succession certificate acts as a testament to the legal status of the heirs and authorizes them to access, transfer, or dispose of the movable assets left behind by the deceased individual. It provides the necessary legal framework to ensure a smooth distribution of these assets among the rightful heirs.

In contrast, a LETTER OF ADMINISTRATION is a document granted by the court to an individual named in a will as the executor or administrator (Someone whom the dead person authorised to carry out and fulfill all that is written in the will).
It can also be granted to another person when no executor is named in the will or the person named as executor in the will is unwilling or not in a position or dead.
This person, named in the Letter of Administration as the Administrator, is entrusted with the responsibility of carrying out the instructions stipulated in the will regarding the distribution of assets.

Unlike the heirship certificate and succession certificate, the letter of administration is applicable when the deceased individual has left a will behind. The named executor or administrator is legally bound to oversee the proper execution of the deceased person’s wishes as detailed in their will. The letter of administration empowers the executor to manage the estate, handle any financial matters, settle outstanding debts, and distribute the assets to the designated beneficiaries as outlined in the will. It is important to note that the named executor or administrator does not become the owner of the assets mentioned in the will but rather serves as a fiduciary in fulfilling the wishes of the deceased.

Other Type of Letter of Administration : A letter of Administration can be directly granted (without probating a will) to the legal heirs of a Hindu, Muslim, Budhist, Sikh, Jain if the decesed died without making a will (Intestate) . But such a letter of Administration can only be granted to a person who is entitled to the property anyways (lineal descendant ie sons, daughters, grandsons, granddaughters etc , tier 1, tier 2 hiers etc) as per inheritance laws.

These legal documents play a crucial role in the posthumous transfer of assets and help streamline the inheritance process. They provide a clear framework for the distribution and management of both movable and immovable assets in accordance with the law. The issuance of these certificates and the letter of administration helps ensure the rightful transfer of assets to the appropriate beneficiaries, provide legal protection, and prevent potential disputes among the heirs.


In short : Heirship certificate is like GST number. You don’t need it unless your business turnover per year crosses 40 lakhs … but nobody will deal with you unless you have it.
This is the entire gist of the matter 🙃


In Muslim law, inheritance is determined by Sharia. The shares in the property are divided based on factors such as the number of children, their gender, and the relationship to the deceased. Generally, males receive twice the share of females. A Muslim person can only will up to one-third of their property while they are alive. After their death, Sharia law determines the distribution of the remaining property among the heirs.

Shias have a slightly different ratio for inheritance.


Contact AddressSky Properties,
A-1, 7/2, Sneh Co Op Society, Plot No 16, Sector 19a, Nerul, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra 400706
Services ProvidedBuying and Selling of property in Navi Mumbai
Sale Agreement
Sale Deed
Stamp Duty Payment
CIDCO Transfer
Heirship Certificate from Court
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By Mayur

Mayur is a real estate professional based in Navi Mumbai for the past 20 years. His expertise in real estate includes every sphere of the real estate sector from legal to Building Construction to Vastu to home interiors. When it's not real estate, its either his fight against corruption or pulling focus (film making) with his NIKON D750 that keeps him busy. With over 9 million views of his pictures on Google Maps and over 1.3 crore views of his contributions, he has been designated as a Master Photographer by Google. He can be reached on 9987452642


  1. Have been trying to search for clear and reliable information on this. Your delineation of charges based on value was extremely helpful, as was this:

    Heirship certificate from Tehsildar, talukdar, mamledar, amaldar, mandal adhikari is only for people who live in a Gram panchayat, Municipal Council or Tehsil.Ordinary citizens who live in Metropolitan areas (Cities with a Municipal Corporation) should not file there.

    Cleared a lot of doubt we had about the charges incurred by us. Thank you!

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